Evergreens

Evergreen trees are the backbone of the winter landscape, adding interest and life. They are excellent plants for specimen or group plantings. When given sufficient room to grow, most will occupy a large area. Some of the taller- growing varieties will give good wind protection when planted on north or west exposures, aiding in energy conservation.

Arborvitae

Degroots Arborvitae

Thuja occidentalis ‘Degroot’s Spire’

FULL SUN

Height: 12′ Spread: 4′

Columnar form with thick, ruffled foliage and a medium-green color. Hardy and adaptable to a range of conditions. Useful in a line as a tall screen, or singly as a statement plant.

Emerald Green Arborvitae

Thuja occidentalis ‘Smaragd’

FULL SUN

Height: 15′ Spread: 3-4′

Pyramidal form with lush, rich green foliage and orange stems, providing excellent year-round color. Best used for hedge planting or as a tall screen, but can also be used for a topiary.

Green Giant Arborvitae

Thuja (standish x plicata) ‘Green Giant’

FULL SUN

Height: 25-30′ Spread: 8-10′

Conical or pyramidal form. Foliage has open pattern and color shades from dark to pale green. Fast-growing and excellent as a privacy screen or windbreak.

Yellow Ribbon Arborvitae

Thuja occidentalis ‘Yellow Ribbon’

FULL TO PART SUN

Height: 8-10′ Spread: 2-3′

Conical form with showy golden-yellow foliage that resists sunburn. Excellent for year-round color as an accent, border, or privacy screen. Requires weekly water, or more often in extreme heat, for best appearance.

Hetz Midget Arborvitae

Thuja occidentalis ‘Hetz Midget’

FULL TO PART SUN

Height: 3-4′ Spread: 3-4′

Compact globe-shaped evergreen shrub with flat, layered sprays of yellow-green foliage. Adaptable and durable. Great accent plant for mixed borders or containers.

Virginian Arborvitae

Thuja plicata x standishii

Height: 15′ Spread: 7′

Zebrina Arborvitae

Thuja plicata ‘Zebrina’

FULL TO PART SUN

Height: 40′ m

Broad conical form with open, outstretched branchlets. Striped zebra-like foliage is yellow-green in spring and becomes more pale during the growing season. A fast grower that makes a beautiful and unique evergreen specimen.

Cedar

Blue Atlas Cedar

Cedrus atlantica ‘Glauca’

FULL SUN

Height: 40-60′ Spread: 30-40′

Pyramidal form with striking silvery-blue foliage and expansive branches. Ideal as a specimen in large landscapes. Drought tolerant once established.

Incense Cedar

Calocedrus decurrens

FULL TO PART SUN

Height: 15-20′ Spread: 8-10′

Conical and naturally symmetical form. Foliage is fragrant and fern-like, rich green in color. Useful as a tall screen, windbreak, or specimen.

Sunshine Western Red Cedar

Thuja plicata ‘Sunshine’

FULL SUN

Height: 15-20′, 60-70′ m Spread: 5-6′

Pyramidal form. Foliage tips are bright gold and turn bronze in winter for year-round interest. Slow grower. Best as a specimen but also can be used in a hedge or privacy screen.

Fir

Arizona Fir

Abies Lasiocarpa

FULL SUN

Height: 10-15′ Spread: 6-10′

Pyramidal form. Dense and attractive foliage is silvery-blue to sea-green and soft; bark becomes thick, furrowed, and “corky” with age. Specimen.

Korean Fir

Abies koreana

FULL SUN

Height: 15-30′ m Spread: 15′ m

Conical, with spreading branches that tend upwards and dense blue-green foliage. Specimen.

Blue Spanish Fir

Abies pinsapo ‘Glauca’

FULL SUN

Height: 60-80′ Spread: 15-30′

Conical form and dense steel-blue foliage. Prefers a sheltered location and regular water. Slow growing. Specimen.

White Fir

Abies concolor

FULL SUN

Height: 7-10′, 30-50′ m Spread: 3-4′, 20′ m

Tight conical form. Light green to blue-green needles. Specimen.

Giant Sequoia

Sequoiadendron giganteum

FULL SUN

Height: up to 100′

Pyramidal to oval form. The reddish bark is deeply furrowd and fibrous. Scale-like leaves are blue-green and abundant on the branch. As it can grow to over 100 ft, best in large landscapes as a specimen.

Juniper- Spreading

Arcadia Juniper

Juniperus sabina ‘Arcadia’

FULL SUN

Height: 1′ Spread: 6-8′

Mounded groundcover with lacy foliage that spreads up and out. Durable landscape plant; does well in borders, rock gardens, or for erosion control.

Blue Chip Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis ‘Blue Chip’

FULL SUN

Height: 1′ Spread: 6-8′

Very low, spreading, evergreen groundcover. Dramatic silver-blue foliage. Durable landscape plant; does well in borders, rock gardens, or for erosion control.

Blue Rug Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis ‘Wiltonii’

FULL SUN

Height: 6″ Spread: 6-8′

Flat and dense creeping juniper with a uniform growth habit and silver-blue foliage. Used as a groundcover or to cascade over walls.

Buffalo Juniper

Juniperus sabina ‘Buffalo’

FULL SUN

Height: 1′ Spread: 8′

Low-growing and wide-spreading. Foliage is soft and true green in color. Used for groundcover, borders, in rock gardens, or over wall. Tolerates heat, cold, and drought.

Calgary Carpet Juniper

Juniperus sabina ‘Monna’

FULL SUN

Height: 9″ Spread: 10′

Low, spreading habit and soft, wavy green foliage. Can be used in the landscape to soften boulders or walls, or as groundcover, erosion control, or rock gardens. Very durable.

Daubs Frosted Juniper

Juniperus chinensis ‘Daub’s Frosted’

FULL SUN

Height: 15″ Spread: 5′

Low-growing conifer with blue-green mature foliage that contrasts with golden yellow tips. Bright and attention-grabbing. Useful for groundcover, erosion control, or rock gardens.

Greenmound Juniper

Juniperus procumbens cvs. ‘Greenmound’

FULL SUN

Height: 8-12″ Spread: 4-6′

Sprawling dwarf juniper with a slow growth rate, attaining a 10-foot spread in about 10 years. Green needles create a soft rug-like effect. Tolerates hot, dry locations and full sun. Ideal specimen for rock gardens, foundations, slopes, cascade over retaining walls.

Icee Blue Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis ‘Monber’

Height: 4″ Spread: 8′

Very low juniper with exceptional silver-blue winter color and a thick, full crown of textured foliage. Useful for groundcover, erosion control, rock gardens, retaining walls, or as part of a border.

Mint Julep Juniper

Juniperus chinensis ‘Monlep’

Height: 4-6′ Spread: 6-8′

Compact juniper with bright mint green foliage on a lovely arching form. Makes an attractive topiary or specimen but also useful for groundcover, erosion control, retaining walls, or as part of a border.

Mountain Juniper

Juniperus communis var. montana (var. jackii)

Height: 3-6″ Spread: 3-6′

A rugged, low-growing shrub. Its deep green needles are each banded with silver-blue, creating intriguing color and texture. Useful for groundcover and rock gardens.

Scandia Juniper

Juniperus sabina ‘Scandia’

Height: 1′ Spread: 8′

Elegant groundcover conifer with dense foliage and excellent winter color. Useful for borders and rock gardens.

Juniper- Midsize

Sea Green Juniper

Juniperus chinensis cvs. ‘Sea Green’

Height: 6-8′ Spread: 6-8′

Spreading, arching groundcover conifer whose dense foliage and rich green color make it a good specimen for sculpting, but it also serves well as groundcover, erosion control, and rock gardens.

Juniper- Upright

Blue Arrow Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum ‘Blue Arrow’

Height: 12-15′ Spread: 2′

Upright juniper with a narrow, candle-shaped form and tight, bright blue-green foliage. Silvery blue berries from late spring to late winter. Good for an area where space is limited or where color is needed, as par t of a screen, windbreak, or specimen plant.

Blue Point Juniper

Juniperus chinensis ‘Blue Point’

Height: 12′ Spread: 8′

Broad pyramidal form, densely branched and needs little pruning to maintain shape. Blue-green foliage. Useful as a topiary, wind or pravacy screen, or specimen.

Hollywood Juniper

Juniperus chinensis ‘Torulosa’

Height: 15′ Spread: 10′

An upright and fast-growing juniper with a twisted, rugged form that works well as naturally growing specimen or as a sculpted topiary. Also useful as in a hedge, wind or privacy screen, or specimen.

Moonglow Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum ‘Moonglow’

Height: 20′ Spread: 8′

Showy silver foliage on a broad pyramidal form with a dense branching habit. Very attracitve landscape accent and excellent in screens and hedges.

Spearmint Juniper

Juniperus chinensis cvs. ‘Spearmint’

Height: 12-15′ Spread: 6-8′

Dense and narrow columnar juniper, with bright green foliage that gives good oclor year-round. Very useful in narrow spaces, grouped for a screen, or as a high point in a shurb planting.

Wichita Blue Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum ‘Wichita Blue’

Height: 10-15′ Spread: 4-6′

Large pyramidal form and bright silver-blue foliage make this a good choice for a screen, hedge, or specimen.

Pine

Austrian Pines

Compact Austrian Pine

Pinus nigra ‘Compacta’

Height: 15′ Spread: 8-10′

Compact pine with a dense, rounded pyramidal form and tight, dark green needles. Low maintenance and uniform growing, and an excellent specimen for small gardens,

Hornbrook Austrian Pine

Pinus nigra ‘Hornbrookiana’

Height: 4-10′ m Spread: 4-10′ m

A low-growing dwarf evergreen with upright, showy white buds in winter. Grows wider than it does tall. Good as a landscape specimen or as part of a shrub border.

Oregon Green Austrian Pine

Pinus nigra ‘Oregon Green’

Height: 18-20′ Spread: 15′

Rounded oval shape features asymmetrical branching and an open form. Needles are densely spaced and a glossy deep green. In springtime white candle emerge in clusters. Excellent and interesting landscape specimen or accent tree.

Bosnian Pine

Pinus leucodermis

Height: 40′ Spread: 10′

Dense, pyramidal form. Cones are unusual, emerging purple-blue when young and maturing to brown. Great specimen, accent tree, or windbreak.

Bristle Cone Pine

Pinus aristata

Height: 20-40′ Spread: 15-20′

Rounded form with a very slow growth habit. Nearly impervious to drought or cold. Has a rustic appearance and irregular branching pattern with short dark green needles and purple-brown cones. Excellent as a bonsai specimen, in rock gardens, or as a landscape specimen or accent.

Eastern White Pines

Columnar Eastern White Pine

Pinus strobus ‘Fastigiata’

Height: 25-40′ Spread: 10′

Narrow columnar form. Dense gray-green foliage on upward-reaching branches. Brisk growth habit makes this pine useful as a privacy or windscreen, especially in smaller spaces.

Contorted Eastern White Pine

Pinus strobus ‘Contorta’

Height: 15-20′ Spread: 12′

Upright, open, pyramidal form. Branches, branchlets, and bluish-green needles are twisted or curvy, lending this tree a sense of texture and movement. Best as a landscape specimen or accent.

Eastern White Pine

Pinus strobus

Height: 50-80′ Spread: 15-20′

Pyramidal shape matures to broad oval with irregular crown. Can become quite large, but pruning will control shape and size. Soft, bluish-green needles and large brown cones. Excellent as a speciman or accent.

Stowe Pillar Eastern White Pine

Pinus strobus ‘Stowe Pillar’

Height: 8-12′ m Spread: 2-3′ m

Very narrow columnar form. Tight branching pattern resists breaking under snow load. Ideal for a small space as a landscape specimen or accent.

Weeping Eastern White Pine

Pinus strobus ‘Pendula’

Height: 15′ m Spread: 10′ m

Semi-dwarf variety has trailing branches that reach out horizontally before drooping towards the ground. Can be pruned or trained to form. Useful as a specimen or accent.

Jefferey Pine

Pinus jeffereyi

Height: 30-40′ Spread: 15-20′

Broad,open pyramidal form, with dendely foliated spreading branches. Reddish brown bark forms deep, furrowed plates that have a vanilla-like fragrance when crushed; green needles are long and narrow. Large red-brown cones. Similar to a ponderosa in appearance, but more densely foliated. An impressive landscape specimen or accent.

Limber Pines

Vanderwolf Pine

Pinus flexilis ‘Vanderwolf’s Pyramid’

Height: 40′ Spread: 20′

Large, upright, pyramidal form. Long, twisted blue-green needles on ascending branches. An ideal specimenfor lawn or landscape.

Pinyon Pines

Double Needle Pinyon Pine

Pinus edulis

Height:10-20′ Spread: 10-20′

Irregular rounded or pyramidal shape; very slow growing and extremely drought-tolerant. Rustic appearance. New growth is blue-green and ages to yellowish- or gray-green; needles grow in clusters of two. Prickly cones emerge in clusters on very mature trees; female cones produce edible pine nuts. A good choice for rock gardens, hillsides, or very dry landscape zones.

Single Needle Pinyon Pine

Pinus monophylla

Height: 8-15′ Spread: 4-8′

Irregular rounded or pyramidal shape; often multi-stemmed. Very slow growing and extremely drought-tolerant. Rustic appearance. Gray-green needles grow singly. Prickly cones emerge in clusters on very mature trees; female cones produce edible pine nuts. A good choice for rock gardens, hillsides, or very dry landscape zones.

Ponderosa Pine

Pinus ponderosa

Height: 50-60′ Spread: 20-25′

Conical form with the potential to attain great height and advanced age. On young trees bark is dark brown or black, but will lighten with age to yellow-brown to reddish-orange and form large, furrowed plates. Bundles of three dark yellow-green needles grow in tufts at branch ends. Crushed twigs and needles give a resinous aroma. An impressive and attractive landscape specimen.

Scotch Pine

Pinus sylvestris

Height: 40-50′ Spread: 20-25′

Conical to columnar form with open-rounded crown in maturity. Distinctive scaly orange-red bark with a darker red base. Needles are blue-green and twisted. Gray to light brown cones. Tolerates a variety of soil types provided drainage is good. A fast-growing landscape specimen. Dwarf cultivars are useful for rock gardens, foundation plantings, and garden accents.

White Pine

Southwestern White Pine

Pinus strobiformis

Height: 40-50′ Spread: 10-25′

Broad upright or oval form. Smooth silvery-gray bark on young; matures to a dark gray-brown in furrowed plates. Dark green needles grow in bundles of five on ascending branches. Hanging cones have large scales and are brown to yellow-brown in color. Excellent landsacpe specimen.

Domingo Pine

Pinus strobus x ayacahuite ┬┤Domingo┬┤

Height: 8-10′ Spread: 3-4′

Strong pyramidal shape and compact growth habit. Rich blue-green needles grow in bundles of five. Dense foliage offers pleasing contrast to shaggy gray bark. Excellent landscape specimen or accent.