Evergreen trees are the backbone of the winter landscape, adding interest and life. They are excellent plants for specimen or group plantings. When given sufficient room to grow, most will occupy a large area. Some of the taller- growing varieties will give good wind protection when planted on north or west exposures, aiding in energy conservation.


Degroot’s Arborvitae

Thuja occidentalis ‘Degroot’s Spire’


Height: 12′ Spread: 4′

Columnar form with thick, ruffled foliage and a medium-green color. Hardy and adaptable to a range of conditions. Useful in a line as a tall screen, or singly as a statement plant.

Emerald Green Arborvitae

Thuja occidentalis ‘Smaragd’


Height: 15′ Spread: 3-4′

Pyramidal form with lush, rich green foliage and orange stems, providing excellent year-round color. Best used for hedge planting or as a tall screen, but can also be used for a topiary.

Green Giant Arborvitae

Thuja (standish x plicata) ‘Green Giant’


Height: 25-30′ Spread: 8-10′

Conical or pyramidal form. Foliage has open pattern and color shades from dark to pale green. Fast-growing and excellent as a privacy screen or windbreak.

Yellow Ribbon Arborvitae

Thuja occidentalis ‘Yellow Ribbon’


Height: 8-10′ Spread: 2-3′

Conical form with showy golden-yellow foliage that resists sunburn. Excellent for year-round color as an accent, border, or privacy screen. Requires weekly water, or more often in extreme heat, for best appearance.

Hetz Midget Arborvitae

Thuja occidentalis ‘Hetz Midget’


Height: 3-4′ Spread: 3-4′

Compact globe-shaped evergreen shrub with flat, layered sprays of yellow-green foliage. Adaptable and durable. Great accent plant for mixed borders or containers.

Virginian™ Arborvitae

Thuja plicata × standishii ‘Virginian’ PP26684 P3

Height: 15′ Spread: 7′

 Grows as fast as ‘Green Giant’ but will maintain a smaller mature size at 14½ feet tall and 6½ feet wide. It has dark green, dense and feathery foliage that tolerates heat and humidity. It requires no pruning and can be used as a specimen or as a privacy hedge. It makes a great barrier for sound or wind when used as a screen.


Atrovirens Western Red Cedar

Thuja plicata ‘Atrovirens’

Height: 12′ Spread 5′ (@ 10 years)

A long lived, slow growing, evergreen coniferous tree with a conical growth habit; dense, ascending branching; and very dark-green foliage that is very stable throughout the year.

Blue Atlas Cedar

Cedrus atlantica ‘Glauca’

Weeping Blue Atla

Height: 40-60′ Spread: 30-40′

Bold, pyramidal form with sparkling silvery-blue foliage and expansive branches. A spectacular specimen for large landscape areas. Full sun. Slow grower to 40 to 50 feet tall, 20 to 25 feet wide. Larger with age.Drought tolerant once established.

Weeping Alaskan Cedar

Chamaecyparis nootkatensis

Height: 30′ Spread: 12′

Fairly vigorous upright grower with dark blue-green foliage. Conical crown with numerous drooping branches to the ground. Beautiful specimen tree that can be effectively used as a graceful screen.

Green Arrow Weeping Alaskan Cedar

Chamaecyparis nootkatensis ‘Green Arrow’

Height: 20′ Spread: 2′ (@ 10 years)

Very narrow, fast-growing with strictly weeping branches and dark, blue-gray-green open foliage. It will usually develop a wide skirt at its base with age and will occasionally develop an aberrant branch from the trunk.

Incense Cedar

Calocedrus decurrens


Height: 60′ Spread: 20′

Rich green foliage is soft and fragrant. Broadly conical western native produces a lush appearance for such a rugged and resilient evergreen. Adaptable to heat, drought, humidity and marginal soils. A fine single specimen or planted as visual screen or windbreak. Evergreen conifer. Full to partial sun. Fast growth 15 to 20 ft. tall, 8 to 10 ft. wide in 10 years; 40 to 70 feet tall, 10 to 20 feet wide with age.

Blue Ice Arizona Cypress

Cupressus glabra ‘Blue Ice’

Height: 15′ Spread: 8 (@ 10 years)

Compact, conical selection of Arizona cypress with exceptionally attractive, frosty, silver-Blue foliage. Although fairly slow-growing, ‘Blue Ice’ will assume a substantial tree form over time. It is extremely tolerant of hot sun and drought conditions.


Compact Blue Arizona Alpine Fir

Abies lasiocarpa var. arizonica ‘Glauca Compacta’

Height: 10-15′ Spread: 6-10′

This is a very blue and dense conical tree that forms a narrow dwarf pyramid. It has a thick, corky creamy white bark. Dense and attractive foliage is silvery-blue to sea-green and soft;.

Korean Fir

Abies koreana

Height: 15-30′ Spread: 15′

An evergreen with needles that have an attractive silver underside. Conical, with spreading branches that tend upwards and dense blue-green foliage. Specimen.

Blue Spanish Pin Fir

Abies pinsapo ‘Glauca’

Height: 60-80′ Spread: 15-30′

Conical form and dense steel-blue foliage. Prefers a sheltered location and regular water. Slow growing. Specimen.

Blue Cloak White Fir

Abies concolor ‘Blue Cloak’

Height: 7-10′ (at 10 years) 30-50′ Spread: 3-4′ (at 10 years) 20′

 ‘Blue Cloak’ is an upright, semi-pendulous selection of white fir with a strong central leader, dense cloaked branching; and thin, soft-blue needles.

Compact White Fir

Abies concolor ‘Compacta’

Height: 7-10′ (at 10 years) 30-50′ Spread: 3-4′ (at 10 years) 20′

Narrow conical form; upper branches reach skyward, while lower branches recline to the ground. Flat needles are uniformly blue-green. Upright cones emerge yellowish-green and mature to brown or purple. Smooth gray bark becomes furrowed with age.

Juniper- Spreading

Arcadia Juniper

Juniperus sabina ‘Arcadia’


Height: 1′ Spread: 6-8′

Mounded groundcover with lacy foliage that spreads up and out. Durable landscape plant; does well in borders, rock gardens, or for erosion control.

Blue Chip Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis ‘Blue Chip’


Height: 1′ Spread: 6-8′

Very low, spreading, evergreen groundcover. Dramatic silver-blue foliage. Durable landscape plant; does well in borders, rock gardens, or for erosion control.

Blue Rug Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis ‘Wiltonii’


Height: 6″ Spread: 6-8′

Flat and dense creeping juniper with a uniform growth habit and silver-blue foliage. Used as a groundcover or to cascade over walls.

Buffalo Juniper

Juniperus sabina ‘Buffalo’


Height: 1′ Spread: 8′

Low-growing and wide-spreading. Foliage is soft and true green in color. Used for groundcover, borders, in rock gardens, or over wall. Tolerates heat, cold, and drought.

Calgary Carpet Juniper

Juniperus sabina ‘Monna’


Height: 9″ Spread: 10′

Low, spreading habit and soft, wavy green foliage. Can be used in the landscape to soften boulders or walls, or as groundcover, erosion control, or rock gardens. Very durable.

Daub’s Frosted Juniper

Juniperus chinensis ‘Daub’s Frosted’


Height: 15″ Spread: 5′

Low-growing conifer with blue-green mature foliage that contrasts with golden yellow tips. Bright and attention-grabbing. Useful for groundcover, erosion control, or rock gardens.

Greenmound Juniper

Juniperus procumbens cvs. ‘Greenmound’


Height: 8-12″ Spread: 4-6′

Sprawling dwarf juniper with a slow growth rate. Green needles create a soft rug-like effect. Tolerates hot, dry locations and full sun. Ideal specimen for rock gardens, foundations, slopes, cascade over retaining walls.

Icee Blue Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis ‘Monber’

Height: 4″ Spread: 8′

Very low juniper with exceptional silver-blue winter color and a thick, full crown of textured foliage. Useful for groundcover, erosion control, rock gardens, retaining walls, or as part of a border.

Mountain Juniper

Juniperus communis var. montana (var. jackii)

Height: 3-6″ Spread: 3-6′

A rugged, low-growing shrub. Its deep green needles are each banded with silver-blue, creating intriguing color and texture. Useful for groundcover and rock gardens.

Scandia Juniper

Juniperus sabina ‘Scandia’

Height: 1′ Spread: 8′

Elegant groundcover conifer with dense foliage and excellent winter color. Useful for borders and rock gardens.

Juniper- Midsize

Sea Green Juniper

Juniperus chinensis cvs. ‘Sea Green’

Height: 6-8′ Spread: 6-8′

Spreading, arching groundcover conifer whose dense foliage and rich green color make it a good specimen for sculpting, but it also serves well as groundcover, erosion control, and rock gardens.

Mint Julep Juniper

Juniperus chinensis ‘Monlep’

Height: 4-6′ Spread: 6-8′

Compact juniper with bright mint green foliage on a lovely arching form. Makes an attractive topiary or specimen but also useful for groundcover, erosion control, retaining walls, or as part of a border.

Juniper- Upright

Blue Arrow Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum ‘Blue Arrow’

Height: 12-15′ Spread: 2′

Upright juniper with a narrow, candle-shaped form and tight, bright blue-green foliage. Silvery blue berries from late spring to late winter. Good for an area where space is limited or where color is needed, as par t of a screen, windbreak, or specimen plant.

Blue Point Juniper

Juniperus chinensis ‘Blue Point’

Height: 12′ Spread: 8′

Broad pyramidal form, densely branched and needs little pruning to maintain shape. Blue-green foliage. Useful as a topiary, wind or pravacy screen, or specimen.

Hollywood Juniper

Juniperus chinensis ‘Torulosa’

Height: 15′ Spread: 10′

An upright and fast-growing juniper with a twisted, rugged form that works well as naturally growing specimen or as a sculpted topiary. Also useful as in a hedge, wind or privacy screen, or specimen.

Moonglow Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum ‘Moonglow’

Height: 20′ Spread: 8′

Showy silver foliage on a broad pyramidal form with a dense branching habit. Very attracitve landscape accent and excellent in screens and hedges.

Spearmint Juniper

Juniperus chinensis cvs. ‘Spearmint’

Height: 12-15′ Spread: 6-8′

Dense and narrow columnar juniper, with bright green foliage that gives good oclor year-round. Very useful in narrow spaces, grouped for a screen, or as a high point in a shurb planting.

Wichita Blue Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum ‘Wichita Blue’

Height: 10-15′ Spread: 4-6′

Large pyramidal form and bright silver-blue foliage make this a good choice for a screen, hedge, or specimen.


Austrian Pines

Compact Austrian Pine

Pinus nigra ‘Compacta’

Height: 25′ Spread: 10′

Compact pine with a dense, rounded pyramidal form and tight, dark green needles. Low maintenance and uniform growing, and an excellent specimen for small gardens,

Hornibrook Austrian Pine

Pinus nigra ‘Hornibrookiana’

Height: 4-10′ Spread: 4-10′

A low-growing dwarf evergreen with upright, showy white buds in winter. Grows wider than it does tall. Good as a landscape specimen or as part of a shrub border.

Oregon Green Austrian Pine

Pinus nigra ‘Oregon Green’

Height: 18-20′ Spread: 15′

Rounded oval shape features asymmetrical branching and an open form. Needles are densely spaced and a glossy deep green. In springtime white candle emerge in clusters. Excellent and interesting landscape specimen or accent tree.

Bosnian Pine

Pinus leucodermis (aka heldrichii)

Height: 40′ Spread: 10′

Dense, pyramidal form. Cones are unusual, emerging purple-blue when young and maturing to brown. Great specimen, accent tree, or windbreak.

Mint Truffle Bosnian Pine

Pinus leucodermis ‘Mint Truffle’

Height: 12′ Spread: 8′

Shaped more like a broad teardrop than a gourmet truffle, ‘Mint Truffle’ is nevertheless a wonderful treat. Dense, finely textured, green needles cover every shoot completely (in contrast to some cultivars that reveal bare stems). Characterized by restrained, slow growth, gently incurving branches and a compact, well-proportioned form.

Bristlecone Pine

Pinus aristata

Height: 20-40′ Spread: 15-20′

Rounded form with a very slow growth habit. Nearly impervious to drought or cold. Has a rustic appearance and irregular branching pattern with short dark green needles and purple-brown cones. Excellent as a bonsai specimen, in rock gardens, or as a landscape specimen or accent.

Eastern White Pines

Columnar Eastern White Pine

Pinus strobus ‘Fastigiata’

Height: 25-40′ Spread: 10′

Narrow columnar form. Dense gray-green foliage on upward-reaching branches. Brisk growth habit makes this pine useful as a privacy or windscreen, especially in smaller spaces.

Contorted Eastern White Pine

Pinus strobus ‘Contorta’

Height: 15-20′ Spread: 12′

Upright, open, pyramidal form. Branches, branchlets, and bluish-green needles are twisted or curvy, lending this tree a sense of texture and movement. Best as a landscape specimen or accent.

Eastern White Pine

Pinus strobus

Height: 50-80′ Spread: 15-20′

Pyramidal shape matures to broad oval with irregular crown. Can become quite large, but pruning will control shape and size. Soft, bluish-green needles and large brown cones. Excellent as a speciman or accent.

Stowe Pillar Eastern White Pine

Pinus strobus ‘Stowe Pillar’

Height: 8-12′ Spread: 2-3′

Very narrow columnar form. Tight branching pattern resists breaking under snow load. Ideal for a small space as a landscape specimen or accent.

Weeping Eastern White Pine

Pinus strobus ‘Pendula’

Height: 15′ Spread: 10′

Semi-dwarf variety has trailing branches that reach out horizontally before drooping towards the ground. Can be pruned or trained to form. Useful as a specimen or accent.

Jeffery Pine

Pinus jefferyiii

Height: 30-40′ Spread: 15-20′

Broad,open pyramidal form, with dendely foliated spreading branches. Reddish brown bark forms deep, furrowed plates that have a vanilla-like fragrance when crushed; green needles are long and narrow. Large red-brown cones. Similar to a ponderosa in appearance, but more densely foliated. An impressive landscape specimen or accent.

Lacebark Pine

Pinus bungeana

Height: Spread:

Limber Pine

Vanderwolf Pine

Pinus flexilis ‘Vanderwolf’s Pyramid’

Height: 40′ Spread: 20′

Large, upright, pyramidal form. Long, twisted blue-green needles on ascending branches. An ideal specimen for lawn or landscape.

Pinyon Pines

Two-Needle Pinyon Pine

Pinus edulis

Height:10-20′ Spread: 10-20′

Irregular rounded or pyramidal shape; very slow growing and extremely drought-tolerant. Rustic appearance. New growth is blue-green and ages to yellowish- or gray-green; needles grow in clusters of two. Prickly cones emerge in clusters on very mature trees; female cones produce edible pine nuts. A good choice for rock gardens, hillsides, or very dry landscape zones.

Single Needle Pinyon Pine

Pinus monophylla

Height: 15′ -25′ Spread: 8′ – 15′

Irregular rounded or pyramidal shape; often multi-stemmed. Very slow growing and extremely drought-tolerant. Rustic appearance. Gray-green needles grow singly. Prickly cones emerge in clusters on very mature trees; female cones produce edible pine nuts. A good choice for rock gardens, hillsides, or very dry landscape zones.

Ponderosa Pine

Pinus ponderosa

Height: 50-60′ Spread: 20-25′

Conical form with the potential to attain great height and advanced age. On young trees bark is dark brown or black, but will lighten with age to yellow-brown to reddish-orange and form large, furrowed plates. Bundles of three dark yellow-green needles grow in tufts at branch ends. Crushed twigs and needles give a resinous aroma. An impressive and attractive landscape specimen.

Scotch Pine

Pinus sylvestris

Height: 40-50′ Spread: 20-25′

Conical to columnar form with open-rounded crown in maturity. Distinctive scaly orange-red bark with a darker red base. Needles are blue-green and twisted. Gray to light brown cones. Tolerates a variety of soil types provided drainage is good. A fast-growing landscape specimen. Dwarf cultivars are useful for rock gardens, foundation plantings, and garden accents.

Swiss Stone Pine

Pinus cembra

White Pine

Southwestern White Pine

Pinus strobiformis

Height: 40-50′ Spread: 10-25′

Broad upright or oval form. Smooth silvery-gray bark on young; matures to a dark gray-brown in furrowed plates. Dark green needles grow in bundles of five on ascending branches. Hanging cones have large scales and are brown to yellow-brown in color. Excellent landsacpe specimen.

Domingo Pine

Pinus strobus x ayacahuite ´Domingo´

Height: 8-10′ Spread: 3-4′ (in 10 years)

Strong pyramidal shape and compact growth habit. Rich blue-green needles grow in bundles of five. Dense foliage offers pleasing contrast to shaggy gray bark. Excellent landscape specimen or accent.

Giant Sequoia

Sequoiadendron giganteum


Height: up to 100′

Pyramidal to oval form. The reddish bark is deeply furrowd and fibrous. Scale-like leaves are blue-green and abundant on the branch. As it can grow to over 100 ft, best in large landscapes as a specimen.